Bronz timpuriu (Post-Coţofeni)


Chronology: EBA II and III

Distribution: northern Muntenia

The Dâmboviţa-Muscel group was defined only in 2000 by I. Motzoi-Chicideanu and Gh. Olteanu (Motzoi-Chicideanu/Olteanu 2000), when they renamed the horizon of northern Muntenia stone crates (Schuster 2003, 118) which was already described by Roman (Roman 1986, 30) and Schuster (Schuster 1997, 126-133).

As can be seen by the original name, the locations of this group are exclusively burials in stone crates. They can be found in the north Muntenian districts Dâmboviţa and Argeş (Motzoi-Chicideanu/Olteanu 2000, 23 fig. 9). Their number is large, if compared to local connections (cf. a list by Schuster 2003, 118f.). Here we find inhumations and tumuli, single burials and such with several individuals in one grave as well as cremations. The only location which could be termed settlement is Dealul Frumos (Schuster/Morintz 2006, 47).

In terms of chronology, the group was already placed into the early Bronze Age IIb by Roman, and according to Motzoi-Chicideanu and Olteanu it lasts as long as ca. 2200 BC, which would correspond to the early Bronze Age III. It can be parallelised with Monteoru IC4 and Năeni (ibid.) as well as with Glina. After Dâmboviţa-Muscel follows the Tei culture (Motzoi-Chicideanu/Olteanu 2000).

© 2007-2009 Matthias Thomas
translated by Valeska Becker
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